As Robert A. Rees observed in his useful survey of writings about Lowell: "No one as richly versatile and influential as Lowell will forever remain unattractive or unrewarding to scholars. He graduated from Harvard in 1838 and received his Law Degree from there a few years later. from: $37.67 Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Orders Try Prime Cart. All Get ready for your James Russell Lowell tests by reviewing key facts, theories, examples, synonyms and definitions with study sets created by students like you. From shop HalfLifeHistories. James Russell Lowell. Lowell's decline in the literary marketplace is both an index to changing literary tastes and values, and the result of critical conflicts and misfortunes. In the vestibule of the Chapter House at Westminster Abbey is a stone tablet and a stained glass window in memory of James Russell Lowell, American poet and writer. Undergraduate glory came with his being elected poet of his senior class in 1838; but the boisterous youth was shamed with suspension by the Harvard faculty six weeks before the all-important Class Day ceremonies at which he would have read, had he only been obedient to college rules, the long, boring verses commemorating his and his classmates' entry into the world. Drawn into the antislavery movement in the early 1840s, Lowell wrote during that decade scores of articles and poems in defense of abolition and other reform causes. Easy to use and portable, study sets in James Russell Lowell are great for studying in the way that works for you, at the time that works for you. Lowell was also among the principal contributors to the journal, and his pieces, primarily in prose, helped to set the high level of literacy and political responsibility that was long the distinction of the magazine. Raised in New England, Lowell went to Harvard and graduated in 1838, although he himself agreed that he was never a … In the late 1840’s the Biglow Papers began to appear. According to a natural pattern of nineteenth-century American life, Lowell spent his last years as a representative of his government and culture abroad, first as United States minister to the Spanish court (1877-1880) and afterward to the Court of St. James's in England (1880-1885). In 1838 he married Maria White, an abolitionist and liberal, who encouraged him in his work. John Adams had created Humphrey Ploughjogger eighty years before and through this down-country farmer had made his debut into the political world of controversy in the 1760s. Born in 1819, American poet and critic James Russell Lowell was best known as one of the group of Fireside Poets which included such luminaries as Longfellow and Wendell Holmes. RELIGION. At times in his later life he showed some interest in more traditional faiths, but ultimately he rejected the idea of creeds, and found his church in “universal Love.”. His interest in reform grew after he moved to Philadelphia to edit an anti-slavery periodical. In 1855 a series of lectures on English poets led to his appointment to a professorship at Harvard. Lowell was attracted to the power of words at an early age, and especially enjoyed his class in Rhetoric, taught by William Ellery Channing’s brother, Edward. He also served as the first editor of the Atlantic Monthly, and later with Charles Eliot Norton, of the North American Review. Maria and her brother William, who had been Lowell’s classmate at Harvard, helped stimulate his interest in the social problems of the day. Increasingly since then, readers have read little in either category. About James Russell Lowell. ". Named for an American Romantic poet, The James Russell Lowell is an updated vintage building on Poet's Row on the far west side of Capitol Hill and close to the nightlife on Broadway. Soon after the publication of his first volume of poems, A Year's Life (1841), he gave up law to devote himself to literature. Margaret Fuller was especially harsh in her assessment; in Papers on Literature and Art (1846), she dismissed Lowell as "absolutely wanting in the true spirit and tone of poesy": "His interest in the moral questions of the day has supplied the want of vitality in himself; his great facility at versification has enabled him to fill the ear with a copious stream of pleasant sound. James Russell Lowell A poet of great renown in the 19th century, Lowell was one of six children born to Harriet B. Spencer and Charles Lowell, the Unitarian minister who served the West Church of Boston for many years. James Russell Lowell (22 February 1819 – 12 August 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. The deficiencies that characterize his work in his first volume of poems, A Year's Life (1841), are never entirely absent from his more mature performances—technical infelicities and irregularities, didacticism, obscurity, and excessive literariness. However, Lowell had no interest in pursuing a … Lowell was elected class poet, a label which worried his father who wondered if he would ever amount to anything. His range and perspicacity in literary criticism are unequalled in nineteenth-century America. James Russell Lowell 1819–1891 The most versatile of the New Englanders during the middle of the nineteenth century, James Russell Lowell was a vital force in the history of American literature and thought during his lifetime. James Russell Lowell Truth Good Moment The only faith that wears well and holds its color in all weathers is that which is woven of conviction and set with the sharp mordant of experience. Above And Below, The First Snowfall, A Fable For Critics By 1842 he became convinced that he would never succeed as a lawyer, and he turned his attention full time to writing, and published his first book of poems. Poem Hunter all poems of by James Russell Lowell poems. The New England legacy he inherited was rich by American standards: ministers, judges, and business and political leaders were his ancestry, and being a Lowell was both a privilege and a responsibility. Heading north on Sherman, the gold capitol dome is framed by modern glass skyscrapers one of the coolest views in town. By the mid 1840s the Yankee oracle was an established figure in the American mythic imagination. Humor is always compromising, but to Lowell and Abraham Lincoln, who relished the humor of The Biglow Papers, compromise is essential to man's fleeting and darkling existence. Throughout his life Lowell attempted to master a lyrical voice, but his efforts were largely unsuccessful. Amazon.com: James Russell Lowell. American poet, critic, and editor, James Russell Lowell was born in Cambridge, Mass. Lowell wrote this book for the sheer fun of writing it and even gave the copyright to a friend he loved and thought needier than himself. Following the Civil War, Lowell lived increasingly in the public eye. In a holy war—and for the radical abolitionist the war against slavery was a heavenly battle between the forces of good and evil—there is no place for the humorist, because his point of view is necessarily adjustive, working to establish equilibrium in a world out of balance. James Russell Lowell (1819-1891) is one of the group of authors sometimes called the Fireside Poets or the Schoolroom Poets, a group which also included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, and Oliver Wendell Holmes. Henry James knew and recalled Lowell in his memorial: "He was strong without narrowness; he was wise without bitterness and bright without folly. . During the few years remaining of his life, Lowell divided his residence between England and America—great in the public view, a triumph of style and character. Wilbur and Hosea were meant to be complementary, reflecting two sides of the responsible Yankee character; Birdofredum, the fool, serves as a foil to both. Some of it is dated, as one would expect of occasional satire, but much is timeless, classic, though in recent years unrecognized as such. There was a place for the lowly pun, even in its flippant disregard of language, but deeper was an ironic bent that became in Lowell second nature. Nothing in American literary criticism in the nineteenth century compares with Lowell's jeu d'esprit in either its originality or, more importantly, its moral stance. 5.0 out of 5 stars Poems by James Russell Lowell Reviewed in the United States on December 29, 1999 The poetry in this book covers the full spectrum of emotions. Later, Royall Tyler found the Yankee mask an effective moral point of view in his play The Contrast (1787), and Seba Smith used the resources of dialect and region to their full comic possibilities in his Life and Writings of Major Jack Downing (1833). During these "diplomatic" years Lowell wrote his two finest utterances on the role of the individual in the life of the community, a role he had learned by experience and success: "Democracy" (1884) and "The Place of the Independent in Politics" (1888). His political addresses were widely reported in the press, often quoted at great length in leading newspapers, but compared to such figures as Carl Schurz or even E. L. Godkin, Lowell can hardly be said to have been regarded as an influential political writer in a world increasingly defined by party loyalties. Lowell himself was alarmed at the way Hosea caught on, and in the introduction to the second series of The Biglow Papers (1862) he tells of his feelings at that earlier time: "The success of my experiment soon began not only to astonish me, but to make me feel the responsibility of knowing that I held in my hand a weapon instead of the mere fencing-stick I had supposed. Heading north on Sherman, the gold capitol dome is framed by modern glass skyscrapers one of the coolest views in town. They had four children—three daughters and a son. Toward the end of 1844 Lowell married Maria White. His success there was what persuaded the Harvard Board of Overseers to name Lowell as Longfellow's replacement. James Russell Lowell School 51. The year of his graduation he said, “I am an infidel to the Christianity of today.” Later in a letter to Henry Wadsworth Longfellow he wrote that the church must be reformed “from foundation to weathercock” (as quoted in Cooke, Unitarianism in America, 434). He is associated with the Fireside Poets, a group of New England writers who were among the first American poets who rivaled the popularity of British poets. a digital library of Unitarian Universalist biographies, history, books, and media, the digital library of Unitarian Universalism, Denominational Administration & Governance. Already he had presented, through Hosea's aegis, the unhappy lot of Birdofredum Sawin, a native of Jaalam, who, unlike his townsman Hosea, had hurried off to enlist in the invading army, assured by the promise of wealth and adventure to be had in Mexico. The verses of Hosea Biglow were an immediate success; in the opinion of Lowell's fellow abolitionist, John Greenleaf Whittier, "the world-wide laugh" caused by the rustic Yankee poet was enough to "have shaken half the walls of Slavery down." 4x6. Transcendentalism, abolition, woman's rights, and temperance came under his satire, but the absence of any genuine humor (or profound sense) left the satire dull, and the performance was a decided failure. . illustrated in black and white - 233 pages. Named for an American Romantic poet, The James Russell Lowell is an updated vintage building on Poet's Row on the far west side of Capitol Hill and close to the nightlife on Broadway. The greatest homage we can pay to truth, is to use it. He attended William Wells School and Harvard University, where he graduated with a degree in law. While those associated with New Humanism, such as Norman Foerster and Harry Hayden Clark, rightly viewed Lowell as a precursor to their intellectual outlook, their opponents attacked Lowell, labeling him "Victorian," "genteel," "conservative," and "academic"—the same terms they applied to the New Humanists. Unburdened by a philosophical system or program, Lowell possessed a scholar's care for detail and a stylist's delight in expression, and his major essays, particularly "Chaucer" (1870), "Spenser" (1875), and "Dryden" (1868), remain valuable pieces of critical exposition, informed by an appreciation of the literary text in both its historical and linguistic complexities. He was tutored by Barzillai Frost, the pastor of the parish church in Concord, Massachusetts, and there had the opportunity to meet Ralph Waldo Emerson. This early public recognition of Lowell's poetic abilities was largely undiscriminating and more patriotic than critical, and a few people were not impressed. The critical silence of the present time, however, should not be taken as an indication that Lowell will be utterly forgotten. But there is nothing easy about A Fable for Critics, a fact Amy Lowell discovered when she later tried to imitate her kinsman's work. James Russell Lowell was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. I found the verses of my pseudonym copied everywhere; I saw them pinned up in workshops; I heard them quoted and their authorship debated." Like Emerson he drew much of his inspiration from nature, and he considered himself an intuitionalist. James Russell Lowell was born in Cambridge, Mass., on Feb. 22, 1819, of a well-established New England family. She became part of one of Margaret Fuller’s Conversation groups. James Russell Lowell 1819 - 1891. Good. But thoroughgoing skeptic he was, and skepticism combined with humor describes his particular angle of vision. Skip to main content. James Russell Lowell(February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. in 1819. Description: Hard Cover. He became a chief editorial writer during the mid 1840s for the Pennsylvania Freeman and the National Anti-Slavery Standard, and between 1846 and 1848 in the Standard and the abolitionist Boston Courier first appeared his most important work of the period, the verses of his persona Hosea Biglow. Instead of sarcasm and derision, one is more likely to encounter ironic detachment and lyrical simplicity. His biography has been another battleground for the continuing war between the North and the South, with writers such as Horace E. Scudder and Ferris Greenslet praising him largely in terms of New England culture, and Richmond Croom Beatty and Leon Howard damning him on the same ground. His wife, died the following year the Atlantic Monthly, and editor, and Maria, wife. 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